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Origin of Case
Variable Name
caseOrigin
Spaeth Name
ORIGIN
Normalizations
205 [ view ]

The focus of this variable is the court in which the case originated, not the administrative agency (see adminAction and adminActionState). For this reason a number of cases show a state or federal appellate court as the one in which the case originated rather than a court of first instance (trial court). This variable has no entry for cases that originated in the United States Supreme Court. Note too that caseOrigin does not identify the name of the state if the case originated in a state court. For the state name, see variable caseOriginState.

Cases that arise on a petition of habeas corpus and those removed to the federal courts from a state court are defined as originating in the federal, rather than a state, court system.

This variable has no entry if the case arose under the Supreme Court's original jurisdiction and in other proceedings with which no other court was involved.

A petition for a writ of habeas corpus begins in the federal district court, not the state trial court.

Cases removed to a federal court originate there.

Also see source of case (caseSource).
 
Values:
1 U.S. Court of Customs and Patent Appeals
2 U.S. Court of International Trade
3 U.S. Court of Claims, Court of Federal Claims
4 U.S. Court of Military Appeals, renamed as Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces
5 U.S. Court of Military Review
6 U.S. Court of Veterans Appeals
7 U.S. Customs Court
8 U.S. Court of Appeals, Federal Circuit
9 U.S. Tax Court
10 Temporary Emergency U.S. Court of Appeals
12 U.S. Court for China
13 U.S. Consular Courts
14 U.S. Commerce Court
15 Territorial Supreme Court
16 Territorial Appellate Court
17 Territorial Trial Court
18 Emergency Court of Appeals
19 District of Columbia Supreme Court
20 Bankruptcy Court
21 U.S. Court of Appeals, First Circuit
22 U.S. Court of Appeals, Second Circuit
23 U.S. Court of Appeals, Third Circuit
24 U.S. Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit
25 U.S. Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit
26 U.S. Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit
27 U.S. Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit
28 U.S. Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit
29 U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
30 U.S. Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit
31 U.S. Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit
32 U.S. Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit
41 Alabama Middle U.S. District Court
42 Alabama Northern U.S. District Court
43 Alabama Southern U.S. District Court
44 Alaska U.S. District Court
45 Arizona U.S. District Court
46 Arkansas Eastern U.S. District Court
47 Arkansas Western U.S. District Court
48 California Central U.S. District Court
49 California Eastern U.S. District Court
50 California Northern U.S. District Court
51 California Southern U.S. District Court
52 Colorado U.S. District Court
53 Connecticut U.S. District Court
54 Delaware U.S. District Court
55 District Of Columbia U.S. District Court
56 Florida Middle U.S. District Court
57 Florida Northern U.S. District Court
58 Florida Southern U.S. District Court
59 Georgia Middle U.S. District Court
60 Georgia Northern U.S. District Court
61 Georgia Southern U.S. District Court
62 Guam U.S. District Court
63 Hawaii U.S. District Court
64 Idaho U.S. District Court
65 Illinois Central U.S. District Court
66 Illinois Northern U.S. District Court
67 Illinois Southern U.S. District Court
68 Indiana Northern U.S. District Court
69 Indiana Southern U.S. District Court
70 Iowa Northern U.S. District Court
71 Iowa Southern U.S. District Court
72 Kansas U.S. District Court
73 Kentucky Eastern U.S. District Court
74 Kentucky Western U.S. District Court
75 Louisiana Eastern U.S. District Court
76 Louisiana Middle U.S. District Court
77 Louisiana Western U.S. District Court
78 Maine U.S. District Court
79 Maryland U.S. District Court
80 Massachusetts U.S. District Court
81 Michigan Eastern U.S. District Court
82 Michigan Western U.S. District Court
83 Minnesota U.S. District Court
84 Mississippi Northern U.S. District Court
85 Mississippi Southern U.S. District Court
86 Missouri Eastern U.S. District Court
87 Missouri Western U.S. District Court
88 Montana U.S. District Court
89 Nebraska U.S. District Court
90 Nevada U.S. District Court
91 New Hampshire U.S. District Court
92 New Jersey U.S. District Court
93 New Mexico U.S. District Court
94 New York Eastern U.S. District Court
95 New York Northern U.S. District Court
96 New York Southern U.S. District Court
97 New York Western U.S. District Court
98 North Carolina Eastern U.S. District Court
99 North Carolina Middle U.S. District Court
100 North Carolina Western U.S. District Court
101 North Dakota U.S. District Court
102 Northern Mariana Islands U.S. District Court
103 Ohio Northern U.S. District Court
104 Ohio Southern U.S. District Court
105 Oklahoma Eastern U.S. District Court
106 Oklahoma Northern U.S. District Court
107 Oklahoma Western U.S. District Court
108 Oregon U.S. District Court
109 Pennsylvania Eastern U.S. District Court
110 Pennsylvania Middle U.S. District Court
111 Pennsylvania Western U.S. District Court
112 Puerto Rico U.S. District Court
113 Rhode Island U.S. District Court
114 South Carolina U.S. District Court
115 South Dakota U.S. District Court
116 Tennessee Eastern U.S. District Court
117 Tennessee Middle U.S. District Court
118 Tennessee Western U.S. District Court
119 Texas Eastern U.S. District Court
120 Texas Northern U.S. District Court
121 Texas Southern U.S. District Court
122 Texas Western U.S. District Court
123 Utah U.S. District Court
124 Vermont U.S. District Court
125 Virgin Islands U.S. District Court
126 Virginia Eastern U.S. District Court
127 Virginia Western U.S. District Court
128 Washington Eastern U.S. District Court
129 Washington Western U.S. District Court
130 West Virginia Northern U.S. District Court
131 West Virginia Southern U.S. District Court
132 Wisconsin Eastern U.S. District Court
133 Wisconsin Western U.S. District Court
134 Wyoming U.S. District Court
150 Louisiana U.S. District Court
151 Washington U.S. District Court
152 West Virginia U.S. District Court
153 Illinois Eastern U.S. District Court
155 South Carolina Eastern U.S. District Court
160 South Carolina Western U.S. District Court
162 Alabama U.S. District Court
163 U.S. District Court for the Canal Zone
164 Georgia U.S. District Court
165 Illinois U.S. District Court
166 Indiana U.S. District Court
167 Iowa U.S. District Court
168 Michigan U.S. District Court
169 Mississippi U.S. District Court
170 Missouri U.S. District Court
171 New Jersey Eastern U.S. District Court (East Jersey U.S. District Court)
172 New Jersey Western U.S. District Court (West Jersey U.S. District Court)
173 New York U.S. District Court
174 North Carolina U.S. District Court
175 Ohio U.S. District Court
176 Pennsylvania U.S. District Court
177 Tennessee U.S. District Court
178 Texas U.S. District Court
179 Virginia U.S. District Court
180 Norfolk U.S. District Court
181 Wisconsin U.S. District Court
182 Kentucky U.S. Distrcrict Court
183 New Jersey U.S. District Court
184 California U.S. District Court
185 Florida U.S. District Court
186 Arkansas U.S. District Court
187 District of Orleans U.S. District Court
300 State Supreme Court
301 State Appellate Court
302 State Trial Court
400 Eastern Circuit (of the United States)
401 Middle Circuit (of the United States)
402 Southern Circuit (of the United States)
403 Alabama U.S. Circuit Court for (all) District(s) of Alabama
404 Arkansas U.S. Circuit Court for (all) District(s) of Arkansas
405 California U.S. Circuit for (all) District(s) of California
406 Connecticut U.S. Circuit for the District of Connecticut
407 Delaware U.S. Circuit for the District of Delaware
408 Florida U.S. Circuit for (all) District(s) of Florida
409 Georgia U.S. Circuit for (all) District(s) of Georgia
410 Illinois U.S. Circuit for (all) District(s) of Illinois
411 Indiana U.S. Circuit for (all) District(s) of Indiana
412 Iowa U.S. Circuit for (all) District(s) of Iowa
413 Kansas U.S. Circuit for the District of Kansas
414 Kentucky U.S. Circuit for (all) District(s) of Kentucky
415 Louisiana U.S. Circuit for (all) District(s) of Louisiana
416 Maine U.S. Circuit for the District of Maine
417 Maryland U.S. Circuit for the District of Maryland
418 Massachusetts U.S. Circuit for the District of Massachusetts
419 Michigan U.S. Circuit for (all) District(s) of Michigan
420 Minnesota U.S. Circuit for the District of Minnesota
421 Mississippi U.S. Circuit for (all) District(s) of Mississippi
422 Missouri U.S. Circuit for (all) District(s) of Missouri
423 Nevada U.S. Circuit for the District of Nevada
424 New Hampshire U.S. Circuit for the District of New Hampshire
425 New Jersey U.S. Circuit for (all) District(s) of New Jersey
426 New York U.S. Circuit for (all) District(s) of New York
427 North Carolina U.S. Circuit for (all) District(s) of North Carolina
428 Ohio U.S. Circuit for (all) District(s) of Ohio
429 Oregon U.S. Circuit for the District of Oregon
430 Pennsylvania U.S. Circuit for (all) District(s) of Pennsylvania
431 Rhode Island U.S. Circuit for the District of Rhode Island
432 South Carolina U.S. Circuit for the District of South Carolina
433 Tennessee U.S. Circuit for (all) District(s) of Tennessee
434 Texas U.S. Circuit for (all) District(s) of Texas
435 Vermont U.S. Circuit for the District of Vermont
436 Virginia U.S. Circuit for (all) District(s) of Virginia
437 West Virginia U.S. Circuit for (all) District(s) of West Virginia
438 Wisconsin U.S. Circuit for (all) District(s) of Wisconsin
439 Wyoming U.S. Circuit for the District of Wyoming
440 Circuit Court of the District of Columbia
441 Nebraska U.S. Circuit for the District of Nebraska
442 Colorado U.S. Circuit for the District of Colorado
443 Washington U.S. Circuit for (all) District(s) of Washington
600 Orphans' Court of DC
Introductory
Identification Variables
Background Variables
Chronological Variables
Substantive Variables
Outcome Variables
Voting & Opinion Variables

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