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Online Code Book Downloadable Code Book Code Repository SCDB Web 101
Online Code Book

Citing to the SCDB
To cite to the Supreme Court Database, please employ the following: [Harold J. Spaeth] U.S. Supreme Court Judicial Database: St. Louis, Washington University. Alternatively: Harold J. Spaeth, Lee Epstein, Andrew D. Martin, Jeffrey A. Segal, Theodore J. Ruger, and Sara C. Benesh. 2014 Supreme Court Database, Version 2014 Release 01. URL: http://Supremecourtdatabase.org

Please ensure to include the specific Version Number; e.g., 'Verson 2014 Release 01' in your citation as this will indicate the particular version of the database being employed at the time of your reference. Harold J. Spaeth, Sara C. Benesh, Lee Epstein, Andrew D. Martin, Jeffrey A. Segal, and Theodore J. Ruger. 2014. Supreme Court Database, Version 2014 Release 01. URL: http://supremecourtdatabase.org. Last accessed: November 22, 2014.

Please ensure to include the specific Version Number, e.g. 'Version 2014 Release 01', in your citation as this will indicate the version of the database being employed at the time of your reference.
Introductory
Identification Variables
Background Variables
Chronological Variables
Substantive Variables
Outcome Variables
Voting & Opinion Variables

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