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Justice ID
Variable Name
justice
Spaeth Name
HAR-BRY
Normalizations
114 [ view ]

This variable provides a unique identification number for each of the justices. Even though several justices served as both associate and chief justice they receive only one identification number.

This variable appears in the Justice Centered Datasets only.

Some notes about the organization of the justice ids.

  1. The numeric value on the left is the unique identifier.
  2. The shortened name to the right of the numeric (e.g. JJay) is for readability. Astute eyes will observe that these text descriptors are not always unique, as in the case of JRutledge (ids 2 and 9). The reason for this is id's 2 and 9 reference the same individual. The source of the two ids is the justice served a split term.
  3. In situations where two different individuals would share a short name, the short descriptor will be incremented with a numeral on the end as in the case of JHalan1 (id 45) and JHarlan2 (id 91). These descriptors were made unique because they reference different individuals.


Please note that release SCDB_2012_01 saw a renormalization to the justice ids. This was to correct an exclusion of an early justice. Below you will find the current listing. The original variable assignments may be seen here. If you perform a search based on early database releases (prior to SCDB_2012_01) all justice references have been updated to ensure fidelity.

 
Values:
1 JJay Jay, John ( 10/19/1789 - 06/29/1795 )
2 JRutledge Rutledge, John ( 02/15/1790 - 03/05/1791 )
3 WCushing Cushing, William ( 02/02/1790 - 09/13/1810 )
4 JWilson Wilson, James ( 10/05/1789 - 08/21/1798 )
5 JBlair Blair, John ( 02/02/1790 - 01/27/1796 )
6 JIredell Iredell, James ( 05/12/1790 - 10/20/1799 )
7 TJohnson Johnson, Thomas ( 09/19/1791 - 02/22/1793 )
8 WPaterson Paterson, William ( 03/11/1793 - 09/09/1806 )
9 JRutledge Rutledge, John ( 08/12/1795 - 12/15/1795 )
10 SChase Chase, Samuel ( 02/04/1796 - 06/19/1811 )
11 OEllsworth Ellsworth, Oliver ( 03/08/1796 - 12/15/1800 )
12 BWashington Washington, Bushrod ( 11/09/1798 - 11/26/1829 )
13 AMoore Moore, Alfred ( 04/21/1800 - 01/26/1804 )
14 JMarshall Marshall, John ( 02/04/1801 - 07/06/1835 )
15 WJohnson Johnson, William ( 05/07/1804 - 08/04/1834 )
16 HBLivingston Livingston, Henry ( 01/20/1807 - 03/18/1823 )
17 TTodd Todd, Thomas ( 05/04/1807 - 02/07/1826 )
18 GDuvall Duvall, Gabriel ( 11/23/1811 - 01/14/1835 )
19 JStory Story, Joseph ( 02/03/1812 - 09/10/1845 )
20 SThompson Thompson, Smith ( 09/01/1823 - 12/18/1843 )
21 RTrimble Trimble, Robert ( 06/16/1826 - 08/25/1828 )
22 JMcLean McLean, John ( 01/11/1830 - 04/04/1861 )
23 HBaldwin Baldwin, Henry ( 01/18/1830 - 04/21/1844 )
24 JMWayne Wayne, James ( 01/14/1835 - 07/05/1867 )
25 RBTaney Taney, Roger ( 03/28/1836 - 10/12/1864 )
26 PPBarbour Barbour, Philip ( 05/12/1836 - 02/25/1841 )
27 JCatron Catron, John ( 05/01/1837 - 05/30/1865 )
28 JMcKinley McKinley, John ( 04/22/1837 - 07/19/1852 )
29 PVDaniel Daniel, Peter ( 01/10/1842 - 05/31/1860 )
30 SNelson Nelson, Samuel ( 02/27/1845 - 11/28/1872 )
31 LWoodbury Woodbury, Levi ( 09/23/1845 - 09/04/1851 )
32 RCGrier Grier, Robert ( 08/10/1846 - 01/31/1870 )
33 BRCurtis Curtis, Benjamin ( 10/10/1851 - 09/30/1857 )
34 JACampbell Campbell, John ( 04/11/1853 - 04/30/1861 )
35 NClifford Clifford, Nathan ( 01/21/1858 - 07/25/1881 )
36 NHSwayne Swayne, Noah ( 01/27/1862 - 01/24/1881 )
37 SFMiller Miller, Samuel ( 07/21/1862 - 10/13/1890 )
38 DDavis Davis, David ( 10/17/1862 - 03/04/1877 )
39 SJField Field, Stephen ( 05/20/1863 - 12/01/1897 )
40 SPChase Chase, Salmon ( 12/15/1864 - 05/07/1873 )
41 WStrong Strong, William ( 03/14/1870 - 12/14/1880 )
42 JPBradley Bradley, Joseph ( 03/21/1870 - 01/22/1892 )
43 WHunt Hunt, Ward ( 01/09/1873 - 01/27/1882 )
44 MRWaite Waite, Morrison ( 03/04/1874 - 04/03/1888 )
45 JHarlan1 Harlan, John ( 12/10/1877 - 10/14/1911 )
46 WBWoods Woods, William ( 01/05/1881 - 05/14/1887 )
47 SMatthews Matthews, Stanley ( 05/17/1881 - 03/22/1889 )
48 HGray Gray, Horace ( 01/09/1882 - 09/15/1902 )
49 SBlatchford Blatchford, Samuel ( 04/03/1882 - 07/07/1893 )
50 LQLamar Lamar, Lucius ( 01/18/1888 - 01/23/1893 )
51 MWFuller Fuller, Melville ( 10/08/1888 - 07/04/1910 )
52 DJBrewer Brewer, David ( 01/06/1890 - 03/28/1910 )
53 HBBrown Brown, Henry ( 01/05/1891 - 05/28/1906 )
54 GShiras Shiras, George ( 10/10/1892 - 02/23/1903 )
55 HEJackson Jackson, Howell ( 03/04/1893 - 08/08/1895 )
56 EDEWhite White, Edward ( 03/12/1894 - 05/19/1921 )
57 RWPeckham Peckham, Rufus ( 01/06/1896 - 10/24/1909 )
58 JMcKenna McKenna, Joseph ( 01/26/1898 - 01/05/1925 )
59 OWHolmes Holmes, Oliver ( 08/11/1902 - 01/12/1932 )
60 WRDay Day, William ( 03/02/1903 - 11/13/1922 )
61 WHMoody Moody, William ( 12/17/1906 - 11/20/1910 )
62 HHLurton Lurton, Horace ( 01/03/1910 - 07/12/1914 )
63 CEHughes1 Hughes, Charles ( 10/10/1910 - 06/10/1916 )
64 WVanDevanter Van Devanter, Willis ( 01/03/1911 - 06/02/1937 )
65 JRLamar Lamar, Joseph ( 01/03/1911 - 01/02/1916 )
66 MPitney Pitney, Mahlon ( 03/18/1912 - 12/31/1922 )
67 JCMcReynolds McReynolds, James ( 10/12/1914 - 01/31/1941 )
68 LDBrandeis Brandeis, Louis ( 06/05/1916 - 02/13/1939 )
69 JHClarke Clarke, John ( 10/09/1916 - 09/18/1922 )
70 WHTaft Taft, William ( 07/11/1921 - 02/03/1930 )
71 GSutherland Sutherland, George ( 10/02/1922 - 01/17/1938 )
72 PButler Butler, Pierce ( 01/02/1923 - 11/16/1939 )
73 ETSanford Sanford, Edward ( 02/19/1923 - 03/08/1930 )
74 HFStone Stone, Harlan ( 03/02/1925 - 04/22/1946 )
75 CEHughes2 Hughes, Charles ( 02/24/1930 - 07/01/1941 )
76 OJRoberts Roberts, Owen ( 06/02/1930 - 07/31/1945 )
77 BNCardozo Cardozo, Benjamin ( 03/14/1932 - 07/09/1938 )
78 HLBlack Black, Hugo ( 08/19/1937 - 09/17/1971 )
79 SFReed Reed, Stanley ( 01/31/1938 - 02/25/1957 )
80 FFrankfurter Frankfurter, Felix ( 01/30/1939 - 08/28/1962 )
81 WODouglas Douglas, William ( 04/17/1939 - 11/12/1975 )
82 FMurphy Murphy, Francis ( 02/05/1940 - 07/19/1949 )
83 JFByrnes Byrnes, James ( 07/08/1941 - 10/03/1942 )
84 RHJackson Jackson, Robert ( 07/11/1941 - 10/09/1954 )
85 WBRutledge Rutledge, Wiley ( 02/15/1943 - 09/10/1949 )
86 HHBurton Burton, Harold ( 10/01/1945 - 10/13/1958 )
87 FMVinson Vinson, Fred ( 06/24/1946 - 09/08/1953 )
88 TCClark Clark, Tom ( 08/24/1949 - 06/12/1967 )
89 SMinton Minton, Sherman ( 10/12/1949 - 10/15/1956 )
90 EWarren Warren, Earl ( 10/05/1953 - 06/23/1969 )
91 JHarlan2 Harlan, John ( 03/28/1955 - 09/23/1971 )
92 WJBrennan Brennan, William ( 10/16/1956 - 07/20/1990 )
93 CEWhittaker Whittaker, Charles ( 03/25/1957 - 03/31/1962 )
94 PStewart Stewart, Potter ( 10/14/1958 - 07/03/1981 )
95 BRWhite White, Byron ( 04/16/1962 - 06/28/1993 )
96 AJGoldberg Goldberg, Arthur ( 10/01/1962 - 07/25/1965 )
97 AFortas Fortas, Abe ( 10/04/1965 - 05/14/1969 )
98 TMarshall Marshall, Thurgood ( 10/02/1967 - 10/01/1991 )
99 WEBurger Burger, Warren ( 06/23/1969 - 09/26/1986 )
100 HABlackmun Blackmun, Harry ( 06/09/1970 - 08/03/1994 )
101 LFPowell Powell, Lewis ( 01/07/1972 - 06/26/1987 )
102 WHRehnquist Rehnquist, William ( 01/07/1972 - 09/03/2005 )
103 JPStevens Stevens, John ( 12/19/1975 - 06/29/2010 )
104 SDOConnor O'Connor, Sandra ( 09/25/1981 - 01/31/2006 )
105 AScalia Scalia, Antonin ( 09/26/1986 - 00/00/0000 )
106 AMKennedy Kennedy, Anthony ( 02/18/1988 - 00/00/0000 )
107 DHSouter Souter, David ( 10/09/1990 - 06/29/2009 )
108 CThomas Thomas, Clarence ( 10/23/1991 - 00/00/0000 )
109 RBGinsburg Ginsburg, Ruth ( 08/10/1993 - 00/00/0000 )
110 SGBreyer Breyer, Stephen ( 08/03/1994 - 00/00/0000 )
111 JGRoberts Roberts, John ( 09/29/2005 - 00/00/0000 )
112 SAAlito Alito, Samuel ( 01/31/2006 - 00/00/0000 )
113 SSotomayor Sotomayor, Sonia ( 08/08/2009 - 00/00/0000 )
114 EKagan Kagan, Elena ( 08/07/2010 - 00/00/0000 )
Introductory
Identification Variables
Background Variables
Chronological Variables
Substantive Variables
Outcome Variables
Voting & Opinion Variables

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