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Online Code Book

Majority Opinion Writer
Variable Name
majOpinWriter
Spaeth Name
MOW
Normalizations
114 [ view ]

This variable identifies the author of the Court's opinion or judgment, as the case may be.

Note: This variable relies on the Justices ID for its values. For a more detailed description of these identifiers, please visit the detail page for the Justices variable. Note that the justice normalizations changed with the SCDB_2012_01 release of the database.

 
Values:
1 JJay Jay, John ( 10/19/1789 - 06/29/1795 )
2 JRutledge Rutledge, John ( 02/15/1790 - 03/05/1791 )
3 WCushing Cushing, William ( 02/02/1790 - 09/13/1810 )
4 JWilson Wilson, James ( 10/05/1789 - 08/21/1798 )
5 JBlair Blair, John ( 02/02/1790 - 01/27/1796 )
6 JIredell Iredell, James ( 05/12/1790 - 10/20/1799 )
7 TJohnson Johnson, Thomas ( 09/19/1791 - 02/22/1793 )
8 WPaterson Paterson, William ( 03/11/1793 - 09/09/1806 )
9 JRutledge Rutledge, John ( 08/12/1795 - 12/15/1795 )
10 SChase Chase, Samuel ( 02/04/1796 - 06/19/1811 )
11 OEllsworth Ellsworth, Oliver ( 03/08/1796 - 12/15/1800 )
12 BWashington Washington, Bushrod ( 11/09/1798 - 11/26/1829 )
13 AMoore Moore, Alfred ( 04/21/1800 - 01/26/1804 )
14 JMarshall Marshall, John ( 02/04/1801 - 07/06/1835 )
15 WJohnson Johnson, William ( 05/07/1804 - 08/04/1834 )
16 HBLivingston Livingston, Henry ( 01/20/1807 - 03/18/1823 )
17 TTodd Todd, Thomas ( 05/04/1807 - 02/07/1826 )
18 GDuvall Duvall, Gabriel ( 11/23/1811 - 01/14/1835 )
19 JStory Story, Joseph ( 02/03/1812 - 09/10/1845 )
20 SThompson Thompson, Smith ( 09/01/1823 - 12/18/1843 )
21 RTrimble Trimble, Robert ( 06/16/1826 - 08/25/1828 )
22 JMcLean McLean, John ( 01/11/1830 - 04/04/1861 )
23 HBaldwin Baldwin, Henry ( 01/18/1830 - 04/21/1844 )
24 JMWayne Wayne, James ( 01/14/1835 - 07/05/1867 )
25 RBTaney Taney, Roger ( 03/28/1836 - 10/12/1864 )
26 PPBarbour Barbour, Philip ( 05/12/1836 - 02/25/1841 )
27 JCatron Catron, John ( 05/01/1837 - 05/30/1865 )
28 JMcKinley McKinley, John ( 04/22/1837 - 07/19/1852 )
29 PVDaniel Daniel, Peter ( 01/10/1842 - 05/31/1860 )
30 SNelson Nelson, Samuel ( 02/27/1845 - 11/28/1872 )
31 LWoodbury Woodbury, Levi ( 09/23/1845 - 09/04/1851 )
32 RCGrier Grier, Robert ( 08/10/1846 - 01/31/1870 )
33 BRCurtis Curtis, Benjamin ( 10/10/1851 - 09/30/1857 )
34 JACampbell Campbell, John ( 04/11/1853 - 04/30/1861 )
35 NClifford Clifford, Nathan ( 01/21/1858 - 07/25/1881 )
36 NHSwayne Swayne, Noah ( 01/27/1862 - 01/24/1881 )
37 SFMiller Miller, Samuel ( 07/21/1862 - 10/13/1890 )
38 DDavis Davis, David ( 10/17/1862 - 03/04/1877 )
39 SJField Field, Stephen ( 05/20/1863 - 12/01/1897 )
40 SPChase Chase, Salmon ( 12/15/1864 - 05/07/1873 )
41 WStrong Strong, William ( 03/14/1870 - 12/14/1880 )
42 JPBradley Bradley, Joseph ( 03/21/1870 - 01/22/1892 )
43 WHunt Hunt, Ward ( 01/09/1873 - 01/27/1882 )
44 MRWaite Waite, Morrison ( 03/04/1874 - 04/03/1888 )
45 JHarlan1 Harlan, John ( 12/10/1877 - 10/14/1911 )
46 WBWoods Woods, William ( 01/05/1881 - 05/14/1887 )
47 SMatthews Matthews, Stanley ( 05/17/1881 - 03/22/1889 )
48 HGray Gray, Horace ( 01/09/1882 - 09/15/1902 )
49 SBlatchford Blatchford, Samuel ( 04/03/1882 - 07/07/1893 )
50 LQLamar Lamar, Lucius ( 01/18/1888 - 01/23/1893 )
51 MWFuller Fuller, Melville ( 10/08/1888 - 07/04/1910 )
52 DJBrewer Brewer, David ( 01/06/1890 - 03/28/1910 )
53 HBBrown Brown, Henry ( 01/05/1891 - 05/28/1906 )
54 GShiras Shiras, George ( 10/10/1892 - 02/23/1903 )
55 HEJackson Jackson, Howell ( 03/04/1893 - 08/08/1895 )
56 EDEWhite White, Edward ( 03/12/1894 - 05/19/1921 )
57 RWPeckham Peckham, Rufus ( 01/06/1896 - 10/24/1909 )
58 JMcKenna McKenna, Joseph ( 01/26/1898 - 01/05/1925 )
59 OWHolmes Holmes, Oliver ( 08/11/1902 - 01/12/1932 )
60 WRDay Day, William ( 03/02/1903 - 11/13/1922 )
61 WHMoody Moody, William ( 12/17/1906 - 11/20/1910 )
62 HHLurton Lurton, Horace ( 01/03/1910 - 07/12/1914 )
63 CEHughes1 Hughes, Charles ( 10/10/1910 - 06/10/1916 )
64 WVanDevanter Van Devanter, Willis ( 01/03/1911 - 06/02/1937 )
65 JRLamar Lamar, Joseph ( 01/03/1911 - 01/02/1916 )
66 MPitney Pitney, Mahlon ( 03/18/1912 - 12/31/1922 )
67 JCMcReynolds McReynolds, James ( 10/12/1914 - 01/31/1941 )
68 LDBrandeis Brandeis, Louis ( 06/05/1916 - 02/13/1939 )
69 JHClarke Clarke, John ( 10/09/1916 - 09/18/1922 )
70 WHTaft Taft, William ( 07/11/1921 - 02/03/1930 )
71 GSutherland Sutherland, George ( 10/02/1922 - 01/17/1938 )
72 PButler Butler, Pierce ( 01/02/1923 - 11/16/1939 )
73 ETSanford Sanford, Edward ( 02/19/1923 - 03/08/1930 )
74 HFStone Stone, Harlan ( 03/02/1925 - 04/22/1946 )
75 CEHughes2 Hughes, Charles ( 02/24/1930 - 07/01/1941 )
76 OJRoberts Roberts, Owen ( 06/02/1930 - 07/31/1945 )
77 BNCardozo Cardozo, Benjamin ( 03/14/1932 - 07/09/1938 )
78 HLBlack Black, Hugo ( 08/19/1937 - 09/17/1971 )
79 SFReed Reed, Stanley ( 01/31/1938 - 02/25/1957 )
80 FFrankfurter Frankfurter, Felix ( 01/30/1939 - 08/28/1962 )
81 WODouglas Douglas, William ( 04/17/1939 - 11/12/1975 )
82 FMurphy Murphy, Francis ( 02/05/1940 - 07/19/1949 )
83 JFByrnes Byrnes, James ( 07/08/1941 - 10/03/1942 )
84 RHJackson Jackson, Robert ( 07/11/1941 - 10/09/1954 )
85 WBRutledge Rutledge, Wiley ( 02/15/1943 - 09/10/1949 )
86 HHBurton Burton, Harold ( 10/01/1945 - 10/13/1958 )
87 FMVinson Vinson, Fred ( 06/24/1946 - 09/08/1953 )
88 TCClark Clark, Tom ( 08/24/1949 - 06/12/1967 )
89 SMinton Minton, Sherman ( 10/12/1949 - 10/15/1956 )
90 EWarren Warren, Earl ( 10/05/1953 - 06/23/1969 )
91 JHarlan2 Harlan, John ( 03/28/1955 - 09/23/1971 )
92 WJBrennan Brennan, William ( 10/16/1956 - 07/20/1990 )
93 CEWhittaker Whittaker, Charles ( 03/25/1957 - 03/31/1962 )
94 PStewart Stewart, Potter ( 10/14/1958 - 07/03/1981 )
95 BRWhite White, Byron ( 04/16/1962 - 06/28/1993 )
96 AJGoldberg Goldberg, Arthur ( 10/01/1962 - 07/25/1965 )
97 AFortas Fortas, Abe ( 10/04/1965 - 05/14/1969 )
98 TMarshall Marshall, Thurgood ( 10/02/1967 - 10/01/1991 )
99 WEBurger Burger, Warren ( 06/23/1969 - 09/26/1986 )
100 HABlackmun Blackmun, Harry ( 06/09/1970 - 08/03/1994 )
101 LFPowell Powell, Lewis ( 01/07/1972 - 06/26/1987 )
102 WHRehnquist Rehnquist, William ( 01/07/1972 - 09/03/2005 )
103 JPStevens Stevens, John ( 12/19/1975 - 06/29/2010 )
104 SDOConnor O'Connor, Sandra ( 09/25/1981 - 01/31/2006 )
105 AScalia Scalia, Antonin ( 09/26/1986 - 00/00/0000 )
106 AMKennedy Kennedy, Anthony ( 02/18/1988 - 00/00/0000 )
107 DHSouter Souter, David ( 10/09/1990 - 06/29/2009 )
108 CThomas Thomas, Clarence ( 10/23/1991 - 00/00/0000 )
109 RBGinsburg Ginsburg, Ruth ( 08/10/1993 - 00/00/0000 )
110 SGBreyer Breyer, Stephen ( 08/03/1994 - 00/00/0000 )
111 JGRoberts Roberts, John ( 09/29/2005 - 00/00/0000 )
112 SAAlito Alito, Samuel ( 01/31/2006 - 00/00/0000 )
113 SSotomayor Sotomayor, Sonia ( 08/08/2009 - 00/00/0000 )
114 EKagan Kagan, Elena ( 08/07/2010 - 00/00/0000 )
Introductory
Identification Variables
Background Variables
Chronological Variables
Substantive Variables
Outcome Variables
Voting & Opinion Variables

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